Tag Archive: airborne


ebola-hazmat-suit-apThe highly respected Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) at the University of Minnesota just advised the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) that “there is scientific and epidemiologic evidence that Ebola virus has the potential to be transmitted via infectious aerosol particles,” including exhaled breath.

CIDRAP is warning that surgical facemasks do not prevent transmission of Ebola, and healthcare professionals (HCP) must immediately be outfitted with full-hooded protective gear and powered air-purifying respirators.

CIDRAP since 2001 has been a global leader in addressing public health preparedness regarding emerging infectious diseases and bio-security responses. CIDRAP’s opinion on Ebola virus is there are “No proven pre- or post-exposure treatment modalities;” “A high case-fatality rate;” and “Unclear modes of transmission.”

In April of 2014, CIDRAP published a commentary on Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) that confirmed the disease “could be an aerosol-transmissible disease, especially in healthcare settings,” similar to the known aerosol transmission capability of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Although CIDRAP acknowledges that they were “first skeptical that Ebola virus could be an aerosol-transmissible disease,” they are “now persuaded by a review of experimental and epidemiologic data that this might be an important feature of disease transmission, particularly in healthcare settings.”

CDC’s published “Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals” states: “HCP should wear gloves, a gown, disposable shoe covers, and either a face shield that fully covers the front and sides of the face or goggles, and respiratory protection that is at least as protective as a NIOSH certified fit-tested N95 filtering facepiece respirator.”

N95 filters look like surgical masks and are defined by the U.S. Department of Labor as “disposable respirator” with a workplace protection factor (WPF) of 10. A 3M “qualified” N95 respirators rated to block 95% of airborne particles with a size greater in diameter than 5 microns is can cost as little as $.65 each.

However, the US National Institutes of Health reported in 2005 that 50% of bio-aerosols were found to be less than 5 microns in diameter. The NIH calculated that after correcting for dead space and lung deposition, “N95 filtering facepiece respirators seem inadequate against microorganisms.”

CIDRAP warns in regards to N95 respirators, “Healthcare workers have experienced very high rates of morbidity and mortality in the past and current Ebola virus outbreaks. A facemask, or surgical mask, offers no or very minimal protection from infectious aerosol particles.”

CIDRAP is now advising the CDC and WHO that proper “personal protective equipment (PPE) ensures that healthcare workers remain healthy throughout an outbreak.” Based on scientific research, CIDRAP recommends the minimum protection for healthcare professionals in high-risk settings is a “powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR) with a hood or helmet” that will filter 99.97% of all particles down to 0.3 microns in diameter.

But the minimum Internet-advertised price for a “qualified” 3M Veraflo respirator is $427.13, compared to about $.65 for an N95 facemask. With Liberia’s per capita GDP only $454 last year and the economy in shambles, there is no way the country’s healthcare professionals can afford to acquire the appropriate protective respirators.

Based on CIDRAP’s research and the fact that Ebola cases are projected to skyrocket, it seems irresponsible that the New York Times and other mainstream media outlets are downplaying the risks of Ebola transmission.

Less than two weeks ago, the NYT’s “Well” column responded to a reader’s question: “Can I get Ebola from public transportation?” with “Implying that Ebola is caught as easily as flu or colds would be untrue and inflammatory.” The “Well” column, again on October 13th, responded to another question: “I’m flying soon. What is the risk of contracting Ebola on a flight?” with “Top Ebola experts have said they would not expect to be infected even if they were sitting next to another passenger with Ebola – unless that passenger actually vomited or bled on them.”

As I pointed out last week at Breitbart News, the Black Death that killed a third of all people in Europe and the Middle East in the three years from 1337 to 1340 appears to have been a “hemorrhagic fever” similar to Ebola. CIDRAP’s warning that Ebola can be spread by “infectious aerosol particles,” such as breathing, means the pandemic should be expected to continue to accelerate.

Chriss Street suggests that if you are interested in Ebola, please read EXPERTS: EBOLA OUTBREAK, BLACK DEATH ‘PLAGUE’ SPREAD FROM AFRICA AS VIRUSES.

target ebolaThe ‘impossible’ has happened. Ebola is now in the United States. More specifically, it is Dallas, Texas. Information coming out now is that this man flew to a European country, then to Dulles International Airport in Maryland and then down to Dallas, Texas. Timeline suggests that he was asymptomatic until a few days ago, when he went to the hospital and was told to go home, but came back 2 days later and got a ride in an ambulance that was NOT taken out of service until the official diagnosis came in. Did I forget to mention that he had close contact with children too? They are now staying home but last week they were in school when he first started showing symptoms. What a CLUSTER MESS. And ‘we’ have been ‘preparing’ and training and being oh so vigilant about ebola. Uhhuh.

I am not trying to cause any panic, but am going to be telling some truths here. There is no cure, no vaccine (of which most vaccines are only 40-70% effective) and the FDA is on a witch hunt against people who are talking about alternative ways of dealing with Ebola. WHO is saying that this strain of Ebola is becoming more ‘virulent’. Liberia is not on lockdown, but this man CAME FROM THERE. And apparently, so far, HE had no contact with anyone infected while there. Information and misinformation is flying all over the place. The CDC is not tracking all the people he may have come into contact with, just those who came in ‘close’ contact with him when he was obviously sick. Fact, they are still saying its not airborne, but Canadian scientists have proven that ‘fact’ to be incorrect. The hospital where the man is in ‘isolation’ does NOT have a ‘level 4’ biohazard unit, which means they are improvising. Children that he had direct contact with went to school. The ambulance and its workers, not to mention the doctors and nurses that dealt with him the first time just went into ‘quarantine’ when they finally figured out what was wrong with him. Fact, we already have a virus striking our children that is hospitalizing them at alarming rates and flu season is upon us. The CDC still says that if you aren’t symptomatic then you can’t infect someone else. They have ‘everything under control’ and ‘we have the BEST system to handle something like this’. Oh, and I forgot, apparently some sort of medicine to combat Ebola will be available by the end of the year with a vaccine potentially available early next year. AND our president who is ‘not worried about this’ signed and expanded an executive order to forcibly place individuals with flu like symptoms (but not those with the flu, but wait a minute, Ebola presents like the flu at first) into quarantine camps. Sounds to me like everything is under control…yep, yeah, sure….

My apologies for the sarcasm amongst the facts, we as a country need to be paying attention right now and be able to see through the word salads and assurances that all is well, because its NOT. Doctors and nurses are human beings and miss things, forget things, become tired or distracted. They are not infallible. Things HAPPEN. Like sending that guy HOME with prescriptions for antibiotics. They sent him HOME even though he told them he had recently been to Liberia.

We as Americans have been conditioned to show up at work even when sick, sometimes simply because we can’t afford to take a day or two off without loosing money or potentially our very job. We as Americans have a really bad habit of sending our children to school and daycare knowing full well that they are not feeling well. Again, because we can’t or won’t take off work or can’t find someone to stay with our children. And I forgot, big brother through No Child Left Behind demands doctors notes nowadays instead of just our word that our child is sick. My point here is this: We are setting ourselves up for an outbreak the likes we haven’t seen since the Spanish Flu, TB and Polio. We have forgotten in our arrogance and workaholic culture that our health is the most important thing we have as a country. And we forget that its not just about ‘us’ in the singular, but that we are connected to each other in intimate ways even though we don’t even know our neighbors. If you need any proof of this just look at how we handle the flu every year. We as a nation are NOT ready for an infectious disease. It is so far off our radar of possibility that denial and trusting the officials may very well cause a lot of deaths needlessly.

Again, I am not trying to scare anyone, I am making statements that I HOPE will wake you up and start thinking about things in more realistic terms. You are your best health advocate. And you are the only one who should be making decisions that are not only in your best interest, but also in the best interest of others. You don’t have to live in fear about ebola, but educate yourself, think about it, keep it simple and stay healthy. Pay attention to what is going on instead of trusting those in ‘authority’ that have everything under control. Prepare yourself to stay safe just in case Ebola does make it mainstream. That is the best hope and antidote we have against Ebola.

survivingshtfmom